On this day in 1957, the USSR launched the satellite Sputnik 2 into orbit. Aboard the spacecraft was the first ever living being launched into space, a female terrier named Laika. Just four weeks earlier the Russians had shocked the world by launching the first-ever satellite, Sputnik I on October 3, 1957.
Laika went from obscurity to fame as the first cosmonaut; just a week before the launch she was a stray living on the streets of Moscow. Unfortunately, there never was a plan to return Laika to earth, so the Russian canine was forced to sacrifice her life for the benefit of humanity. Laika most likely died from overheating within hours of takeoff. Sputnik 2 continued to orbit the Earth for several months before it burned up in April 1958 upon reentering the atmosphere.
A Chicago newspaper tried to lighten Laika’s passing with a pun:
The Russian sputpup isn’t the first dog in the sky. That honor belongs to the dog star. But we’re getting too Sirius (1).
The launches of the two Sputnik satellites led to a crisis in the United States as leaders feared Soviet domination of space. In July 1958, President Dwight D. Eisenhower formed the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), and in September 1958, Congress passed the National Defense Education Act, which poured billions of dollars into the U.S. education system.
Russia was successful in launching the first human, cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin, into space on April 12, 1961; however, the United States proclaimed victory in the Space Race when NASA’s Apollo program landed a man on the Moon on July 20, 1969 (See July 20: Antithesis Day).
Going to the Dogs
English is replete with idioms (expressions that don’t make sense when taken literally) related to dogs. And it is interesting to note that despite the dog’s reputation for being “man’s best friend,” most of the expressions use “dog” in the negative sense. For example, they are used as scapegoats for missing homework: “My dog ate my homework.” They are associated with sickness: “Sick as a dog.” And they are even used to characterize life in general as harsh and cutthroat: “It’s a dog eat dog world.”
Use the clues below to identify the eight dog-related idioms. For each idiom, you are given the number of words in the expression and a brief literal translation of the meaning of the idiom as it might be used in everyday speech.
- Five words: Don’t make something unimportant the most important thing.
- Five words: You’re searching in the wrong place.
- Four words: My feet are very tired.
- Four words: My wife is very mad at me.
- Seven words: He’s not really as mean as he seems.
- Eight words: Some people will never change.
- Four words: Don’t remind him of your past conflicts.
- Five words: Every person is successful at something at some point in his/her life.
Today’s Challenge: Giving the Dog His Day
What words, phrases, or titles come to mind when you hear the word “dog”? What is your favorite dog-based writing topic, either literal or figurative? Brainstorm a list of words, phrases, or titles that you associate with dogs. Try to generate at least 20 ideas. Then, select the one idea that sparks a writing idea, and write a poem, story, or essay on your idea. Use the word “dog” in your title. (Common Core Writing 2 and 3 – Expository and Narrative)
Answers: 1. The tail wagging the dog 2. Barking up the wrong tree. 3. My dogs are barking 4. In the dog house 5. His bark is worse than his bite 6. You can’t teach an old dog new tricks. 7. Let sleeping dogs lie. 8. Every dog has its day
1-Latson, Jennifer. “The Sad Story of Laika, the First Dog Launched Into Orbit.” Time 3 Nov. 2014. http://time.com/3546215/laika-1957/.