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On this day in 1898, a medical student at the University of Minnesota became the first cheerleader. College teams had pep clubs and fight songs prior to 1898, but after his school’s football team had suffered a three-game losing streak, Johnny Campbell took the radical step of grabbing a megaphone and running down onto the field. Once there, he turned to the crowd and led them in a rousing cheer: “Rah, Rah, Rah! Ski-U-Mah! Hoo-Rah! Hoo-Rah! Varsity! Varsity! Minn-e-so-ta!” Minnesota won the game, and thus began the tradition of on-field cheerleading.
Interestingly, cheerleading remained primarily a male endeavor until the 1940s. As college students, U.S. Presidents Franklin Roosevelt, Dwight Eisenhower, Ronald Reagan, and George W. Bush led cheers at their respective schools. Only when the male student body became depleted because of World War II did cheerleading squads become primarily female (1).
Today’s Challenge: Pep Talk
What single motivational quotation do you find the most uplifting and encouraging? Why is the quotation so motivating? Just as cheerleaders use pre-packaged cheers to motivate the crowd, writers often integrate quotations from other writers into their work. Write a brief pep talk based on the motivational quotation that you find the most uplifting and encouraging. Go beyond just the writer’s quotation by explaining why you find it so motivational and how you are encouraged by the quotation. (Common Core Writing 2 – Expository)
1-Being a Cheerleader – History of Cheerleading. Varsity.com. 20 Oct. 2014. http://www.varsity.com/event/1261/being-a-cheerleader-history.
On this day in 1866, the Russian writer Fyodor Dostoyevsky met a very important deadline. Based on the terms of his contract with his publisher, Dostoyevsky would either deliver his completed novel on November 1, 1866 or his publisher would be given complete rights to his works, without compensation, for the next nine years. Clearly entering into such a contract was a gamble, but then Dostoyevsky had a reputation as a gambler. After all, the reason he agreed to a contract with such stark terms was because he was desperate for money to pay off his gambling debts.
When Dostoyevsky began work on his novel on October 4, 1866, he had just 26 days to finish. To assist him, he hired a stenographer, a woman named Anna Grigorievna whom he would later marry. They met daily. Dostoyevsky dictated the story to Grigorievna, and on November 1st, two hours before the deadline, the complete manuscript was delivered to the publisher.
The title of Dostoyevsky’s novel is appropriately The Gambler, and its plot revolves around several desperate characters winning and losing at the roulette table. In the novel, art imitates life as the author’s addiction to roulette is the focus of his novel’s plot.
Today’s Challenge: From Fact to Fiction
What anecdote from your life would be worthy of adapting to fiction? Just as Dostoyevsky used his life experiences, his passions, and his misfortunes for his fiction, the challenge here is to take something from your life and adapt it into a fictional anecdote. Once you have an actual incident, transform it into fiction by creating a character in a specific setting. Decide also on a point of view – 1st person or 3rd person (limited or omniscient). Then, write your anecdote. Base the plot of your anecdote on the facts of your experience, but also use your poetic license as a fiction writer to embellish the facts. (Common Core Writing 3 – Narrative)
1-Nissley, Tom. Reader’s Book of Days. New York: W. W. Norton, 2014: 315.