On this date in 1820, Felix Walker, a congressman representing Buncombe County, North Carolina, delivered a speech that eventually lead to the creation of a new English word.
The 16th Congress was debating the issue of statehood for the territory of Missouri. The key conflict in the debate was the issue of slavery and whether or not Missouri should be admitted as a free state or a slave state. In the midst of the debate, Congressman Walker rose to speak. However, instead of presenting remarks that were germane to the issue of slavery, Walker instead began to ramble about topics totally unrelated to the issue at hand. As he continued to drone on with his irrelevant speech, his colleagues attempted stifle him. Walker resisted, saying that he had been sent to Washington to deliver a speech, and he would, therefore, continue to address the constituents who elected him in North Carolina. Walker specific words were: “I shall not be speaking to the House but to Buncombe.”
Walker’s speech was not forgotten — not because of its great content, but because it became synonymous with the type of insincere, bombastic nonsense that some politicians are known for. The Americanism that emerged from the Walker incident took that name of the Congressman’s county Buncombe, spelling it as bunkum. Today we recognize the clipped form bunk, meaning “empty, pretentious nonsense.”
Later in 1923, novelist and biographer William E. Woodward wrote a novel called Bunk. In the novel, Woodward introduced the verb debunk, meaning “the act of exposing false claims” (2).
Today’s Challenge: Debunk A Myth
What is a statement made by some people that you think is not true? How would you go about debunking this myth? Identify a statement that people sometimes make as if it is absolute truth, such as the examples below of statements that people make about language. Research the issue, and then write a paragraph explaining why specifically that statement is not true. Cite your sources.
-A word is only a word if it is in the dictionary.
-Lexicographers make up the words that go in the dictionary.
-English is the official language of the United States.
-The meanings of words always remains the same.
-Slang is ruining the English language.
-There is only one English language.
-You should never end a sentence with a preposition.
(Common Core Writing 2 – Expository)
Quotation of the Day: Science and technology revolutionize our lives, but memory, tradition and myth frame our response. –Arthur M. Schlesinger
1-Chrysti the Wordsmith. Verbivore’s Feast Second Course. Helena, Montana, Farcountry Press, 2006: 43.
2- Dickson, Paul Authorisms: Words Wrought by Writers. New York: Bloomsbury, 2014: 53.